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Showing posts from March 19, 2014

The Justice of Rejection

The Justice of Rejection Excerpt ‎At the beginning of chap. 3 the question was raised about what advantage there was in being a Jew (v. 1). It was occasioned by the previous paragraph, which established that mere membership in the Jewish nation was insufficient to warrant God’s praise. To be a Jew one had to be one inwardly. Real circumcision was inward and accomplished by the Spirit, not outward obedience to a written code. In fact, the entire second chapter of Romans undermined any confidence that Paul’s readers might have had that on the basis of their national identity they would receive favored treatment from God. The obvious question was what benefit there was in being a Jew. Paul started to answer the question in 3:2 but then returned to the major theme of showing that all people, regardless of their national origin, are under the condemnation of sin. It is only now in chap. 9 that we find a full answer to the earlier question. Chapters 9–11 discuss the subject of God’s righte…

"Light" in the Gospel of John

"Light" in the Gospel of JohnJohn 3:19-21 Excerpt ‎God’s *holiness is expressed in terms of light, e.g. in 1 Tim. 6:16, where he is said to dwell ‘in unapproachable light’; cf. 1 Jn. 1:5, where it is said that ‘God is light’, and other passages in that Epistle where the implications of this for the believer are worked out. The same thought is seen in the typically Heb. expression ‘children of light’ which is twice used by Paul (Eph. 5:8; cf. 1 Thes. 5:5; Jn. 12:36).
‎In John’sGospel the term light refers not so much to God’s holiness as to the revelation of his lovein Christ and the penetration of that love into lives darkened by sin. So Christ refers to himself as ‘the light of the world’ (Jn. 8:12; 9:5; cf. 12:46), and in the Sermon on the Mount applies this term to his disciples (Mt. 5:14-16). Similarly Paul can refer to ‘the light of the gospel of the glory of Christ’ and to God himself who ‘has shone in our hearts’ (2 Cor. 4:4-6).
Ellis, E. E. “Light.” Ed. D. R. W. Wood…

Paul's Choice of Words

Paul's Choice of WordsPhilippians 3:3 Excerpt ‎In Phil. 3:2 Paul uses the deliberately offensive word katatomē, ‘those who mutilate the flesh’ (RSV), ‘the concision’ (AV). He is not defaming circumcision on Christians (cf. Gal. 5:12). The cognate verb (katatemnō) is used (Lv. 21:5, LXX) of forbidden heathen mutilations. To Christians, who are ‘the circumcision’ (Phil. 3:3), the enforcement of the outmoded sign is tantamount to a heathenish gashing of the body.
Motyer, J. A. “Circumcision.” Ed. D. R. W. Wood et al. New Bible dictionary 1996 :205. Print.

God's Promise

God's Promise Excerpt ‎In a concluding summary the writer pointed out that the great heroes of faith he had spoken of had not yet realized their eschatological hopes. This fact shows that God had planned something better for them and us. It is indeed “better for us” that the future hopes they strove toward be delayed, since only thus could believers enjoy the present experience of becoming companions of the Messiah who leads them to glory. As a result, the perfecting cf. 10:14; 12:23) of the Old Testament worthies—that is, the realization of their hopes—awaits that of all believers.

Hodges, Zane C. “Hebrews.” The Bible Knowledge Commentary: An Exposition of the Scriptures. Ed. J. F. Walvoord & R. B. Zuck. Vol. 2. Wheaton, IL: Victor Books, 1985. 809. Print.

Adoption

AdoptionRomans 8:15 Excerpt Among the Greeks and Romans, when a man had no son, he was permitted to adopt one even though not related. He might, if he chose, adopt one of his slaves as a son. The adopted son took the name of the father, and was in every respect regarded and treated as a son. Among the Romans there were two parts to the act of adoption: one a private arrangement between the parties, and the other a formal public declaration of the fact. It is thought by some that the former is referred to in this verse, and the latter in verse 23, where the apostle speaks of “waiting for the adoption.” The servant has been adopted privately, but he is waiting for a formal public declaration of the fact.
‎After adoption, the son, no longer a slave, had the privilege of addressing his former master by the title of “father.”
Freeman, James M., and Harold J. Chadwick. Manners & Customs of the Bible. North Brunswick, NJ: Bridge-Logos Publishers, 1998. Print.

Rooted and Established

Rooted and EstablishedEphesians 3:17-19 Excerpt ‎Paul continued his prayer by repeating his request that Christ be the center of believers’ lives. He stated this in a mixed metaphor of biological and architectural terminology: being rooted (like a plant) and established (like a building) in love. The participles “being rooted and established” are in the perfect tense, indicating a past action with continuing results.

Hoehner, Harold W. “Ephesians.” The Bible Knowledge Commentary: An Exposition of the Scriptures. Ed. J. F. Walvoord & R. B. Zuck. Vol. 2. Wheaton, IL: Victor Books, 1985. 631. Print

Jerusalem-Chapel of the Ascension-Syrian

Jerusalem-Chapel of the Ascension-Syrian ‎Jerusalem. Ascension Day in the Syrian Church tent in the yard of the Chapel of the Ascension. The altarpiece depicts Jesus rising to heaven, watched by his disciples. From the bishop’s golden robe and mitre sprout white doves, symbol of the Holy Spirit. Beside him is a priest holding a staff and his hood, studded with small crosses, symbolizing total devotion to his faith in Jesus and the Church.

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