In the OT death could be used in a figurative as well as literal sense. Illness (Ps. 30:2–3 [3–4]), enemies (Ps. 9:13 ; 55:1–4 [2–5]), and injustice (Ps. 116:3) were all part of death in this sense. Thus, one could be biologically alive and spiritually dead (1 Sam. 25:37–38; Jonah 2:2–6 [3–6]). Ultimately, one had to choose between (spiritual) life and death (Deut. 30:19).
Bellis, Alice Ogden. “Death.” Ed. David Noel Freedman, Allen C. Myers, & Astrid B. Beck. Eerdmans dictionary of the Bible 2000 : 330. Print.
Zebulun and Naphtali
With typical Hebrew parallelism the prophet described the effect of the Messiah on this northern part of Israel. The people were in darkness (cf. 8:22) and in the shadow of death. Then they saw a great light and light...dawned on them. Matthew applied this passage to Jesus, who began His preaching and healing ministry in that region (Matt. 4:15-16).
Martin, John A. “Isaiah.” The Bible Knowledge Commentary: An Exposition of the Scriptures. Ed. J. F. Walvoord & R. B. Zuck. Vol. 1. Wheaton, IL: Victor Books, 1985. 1052. Print.
Anointing with oil is associated in the Old Testament with happiness (compare Isa 61.3), and especially with the coronation of a king. Oil is not used in this way in most cultures, and a glossary note on “anoint” may be needed as in TEV.
Ellingworth, Paul, and Eugene Albert Nida. A Handbook on the Letter to the Hebrews. New York: United Bible Societies, 1994. Print. UBS Handbook Series.
Figs and Pomegranates
The fruit listed were those very fruits that the scouts had brought back from the land forty years before (13:23). They still suffered from the same syndrome of unbelief. How easily they had forgotten the numerous times when God had miraculously provided them food, water, and shelter in the desert!
Cole, R. Dennis. Numbers. Vol. 3B. Nashville: Broadman & Holman Publishers, 2000. Print. The New American Commentary.
The Development of Worship in the Old Testament
Worship in the [OT], as now, is relational. The condition of a person’s heart—which was the center of being in Hebraic thought—was the most critical aspect of the worship relationship (Psa 40:6–8). The religion of strengthen that which he has wrought in us. It is because of their neglect in this, that many Christians may blame themselves for those trials and afflictions of spirit which arise from unbelief. It is true that Satan seeks to flood the fair garden of the heart and make it a scene of desolation, but it is also…
Mundy's Quote for the Day
Bless those that are the Sabbath-keepers for keeping God's Sabbath.
Reverend Lynwood F. Mundy
1 Thus the heavens and the earth, and all the host of them, were finished. 2 And on the seventh day God ended His work which He had done, and He rested on the seventh day from all His work which He had done. 3 Then God blessed the seventh day and sanctified it, because in it He rested from all His work which God had created and made (Genesis 2:1-3).
The New King James Version. Nashville: Thomas Nelson, 1982. Print.