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Showing posts from February 10, 2015

On the Road

On the RoadChristian History Magazine-Issue 15; St. Augustine of Hippo

On the road: St. Augustine's remains en route to Pavia.

The Relics Today
On Oct. 1, 1695, almost a thousand years after King Luitprand had the relics of St. Augustine concealed in Peter in the Sky of Gold, an ark supposedly containing them was discovered by workmen in the course of renovating the crypt. Behind some brickwork, the workmen found a marble ark some 3 ft., 3 in. long; 1 ft., 2 in. wide: and 1 ft. 4 in. high, reinforced at the corners with iron bands. On the cement that held it together appeared the name “Agostino” or “Augustino,” written in black Gothic letters. However, this writing was inadvertently destroyed by one of the workmen before he realized what he had found.

“Transferring the Relics of St. Augustine.” Christian History Magazine-Issue 15: St. Augustine of Hippo 1987 : n. pag. Print.


‎The village Magdala where Mary Magdalene came from was located on the northwestern shore of the Sea of Galilee. The excavations of this site proofed that this place experienced a period of prosperity at the time of Jesus. The Streets were constructed in Greek style. Magdala was a regional center for pickling fish, which brought some moderate wealth to the residents. ‎Matt 27:56, 27:61; 28:1; Mark 15:40, 15:47; 16:1, 16:9; Luke 24:10; John 19:25; 20:1, 20:18

Christian History Magazine-Issue 15; St. Augustine of Hippo

Christian History Magazine-Issue 15; St. Augustine of Hippo

Incidentally, this portrayal of Augustine bears a striking resemblance to a portrait found in the notebook of the Christian philosopher Boethius, who died in 524 A.D., less than 100 years after Augustine’s death.

Both portraits are thought to be taken from a likeness of Augustine prepared for his signet ring. The saint refers to this ring in what is today called Letter 59, wherein he notes the signet, when applied to a seal, “embosses the face of a man turned to the side.” Very likely, as this was common custom, the face on the ring was that of the ring-owner.
In this image, Augustine is dressed in a tunic, mantle and sandals, thus being depicted as a scholar rather than as a bishop. In his left hand he holds a scroll; with his right hand on the lectern in front of him. The scroll alludes OT his own works; the great book to the greatest of books, the Bible.

The Latin inscription on the bottom reads: “The different fathers said di…

Inn of the Good Samaritan

Inn of the Good Samaritan
‎Whoever makes the journey from Jerusalem to Jericho finds the words of our Lord again and again recurring to his mind: “A certain man went down from Jerusalem to Jericho and fell among thieves.” One passes, in going eastward, directly between rugged hills, “sad and silent heights” of white rock now and then relieved by a curious rose-colored stratum with stripes of green on the terraces where shepherds watched their flocks of sheep and goats. Jericho lies thirty-six hundred feet below Jerusalem, so that the eastward journey is a literal “going down to Jericho.” The sudden appearance of the head or spear of a Bedouin above a pile of rock or the unsuspected encounter with a group of horsemen reminds one of the man of the parable “who fell among thieves.” The Jericho road has been the dread of travelers for twenty centuries because of the lawless Arabs that infest these hills, making their strongholds, as David was obliged to do, in the caves of the rocks high…

He Who has an Ear

He Who has an EarExcerpt As with all the churches (2:71117293:613), so here, the risen Christ admonishes the reader to pay close attention, using words from the Gospels (Matt. 11:1513:943Mark 4:23;Luke 14:35), which will be used later in Revelation 13:9. We should heed what the Holy Spirit says because the Spirit will teach us everything we need to know (John 14:15–1825), and will exercise his seven-fold ministry as promised by Isaiah (11:2). More Elwell, Walter A. Evangelical Commentary on the Bible. Vol. 3. Grand Rapids, MI: Baker Book House, 1995. Print. Baker Reference Library.


GennesaretLuke 5:1 Excerpt The term “Gennesaret” refers to a fertile, heavily populated area at the northwestern corner of the Sea of Galilee. Capernaum lies at the lake’s northern tip. The district’s name was at times extended to the lake so that it could be called the Lake of Gennesaret. In light of the setting, this description serves primarily a geographical purpose rather than a theological one. More Stein, Robert H. Luke. Vol. 24. Nashville: Broadman & Holman Publishers, 1992. Print. The New American Commentary


Sanctification Excerpt The key thought here is sanctification, that is, the disciples’ relationship to the world. Jesus said, “I have given them Your word” (v. 14, NKJV), and in v. 17 He states that we are sanctified—set apart for God—through the Word. Sanctification does not mean sinless perfection, otherwise Christ could never say, “I sanctify Myself” (v. 19). A sanctified Christian is someone who is daily growing in the Word and as a result is separated more and more from the world unto the Father. More Wiersbe, Warren W. Wiersbe’s Expository Outlines on the New Testament. Wheaton, IL: Victor Books, 1992. Print.


ExcommunicationExcerpt According to the Talmud, there were three grades of excommunication among the Jews. The first was called niddin, and those on whom it was pronounced were not permitted for thirty days to have any communication with any person unless at a distance over four cubits (about 6 feet). They were not prohibited from attending public worship, though they could not, during the thirty days, enter the temple by the ordinary gate. They were not allowed toshave during that time, and were required to wear garments of mourning. The second was called cherem, and was pronounced on those who remained openly disobedient under the first. It was of greater severity than the other, and required the presence of at least ten members of the congregation to make it valid. The offender was formally cursed, was excluded from all intercourse with other people, and was prohibited from entering the temple or synagogue. The third was shammatha, and was inflicted on those who persisted in their st…


Domitian ‎The Roman emperor Domitian (81–96 CE) is not mentioned by name in the Bible. He is seen as responsible for the second regional persecution of Christians(following Nero’s). Some scholars believe that the two visions in Rev 13 and 17 refer to Domitian. ‎Rev 13; 17

Angels of the Seven Churches

Angels of the Seven Churches
Revelation 1:20
Excerpt The ‘seven stars’ of the Patmos vision are explained as referring to ‘the angels (angeloi) of the seven churches’ (Rev. 1:20), to whom the letters of Rev. 2 and 3 are then addressed. The ‘angel’ concept is problematic. It is often taken either of guardian angels or of human leaders or bishops of the churches. Both suggestions involve difficulty. Elsewhere in Rev. angelos certainly means ‘angel’, but the 'angel’ can scarcely be made to share responsibility for the sins of the church. The interpretation ‘bishop’ seems contrary to usage, and unsupported by effective parallels. There is no such emphasis on episcopacy as later in Ignatius. Nor can this view be based on the inferior reading ‘your wife’ in 2:20 (sou inserted by dittography). And again it would be strange to hold one man individually and absolutely responsible for the church. angelos is literally ‘messenger’, but the initially attractive idea that the angeloi might be messe…

Mundy's Quote for the Day

Mundy's Quote for the Day Reverend Lynwood F. Mundy

43 “You have heard that it was said, ‘You shall love your neighbor and hate your enemy.’ 44 But I say to you, love your enemies, bless those who curse you, do good to those who hate you, and pray for those who spitefully use you and persecute you, 45 that you may be sons of your Father in heaven; for He makes His sun rise on the evil and on the good, and sends rain on the just and on the unjust. 46 For if you love those who love you, what reward have you? Do not even the tax collectors do the same? 47 And if you greet your brethren only, what do you do more than others? Do not even the tax collectors do so? 48 Therefore you shall be perfect, just as your Father in heaven is perfect (Matthew 5:43-48).

The New King James Version. Nashville: Thomas Nelson, 1982. Print.