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Showing posts from February 25, 2015

The Spirit in Prison

The Spirit in Prison

Excerpt The “spirits in prison” are the fallen angels of Gen. 6 who consorted with the daughters of men, “going after strange flesh” as Jude 6–7explains it. The word “prison” in 3:19 refers to the place of judgment mentioned in 2 Peter 2:4, “chains of darkness.” It was this violation of God’s order that helped bring on the Flood, which explains why Peter mentions Noah. Note too that Peter’s theme is the subjection of angels to Christ (v. 22). These fallen angels were not subject to Him, and therefore they were judged. Between His death and resurrection, Christ visited these angels in prison and announced His victory over Satan. The word “preached” in 3:19 means “to announce” and not “to preach the Gospel.”Jesus announced their doom and His victory over all angels and authorities. It is likely that at this time Christ “led captivity captive” (Eph. 4:8), rescued godly souls dwelling in Hades (see Luke 16:19–31), and took them to heaven. There is not one hint here of…



Thanksgiving (1:8)*  Paul rejoices primarily because all the world has learned about the Christians in Rome. While some (Hodge 1950; Barrett 1957) believe this means that their faith was so extraordinary that it was known everywhere, it is more likely that this refers not so much to the quality of their faith as to the fact of it (Bruce 1985; Cranfield 1975; Moo 1996; Schreiner 1998). Rome was the hub of the world, and as such the Roman church would be known everywhere. Paul was thankful that God had established his church there and that it had an effect everywhere. As Nygren says (1949:59), it was “a fountain of joy that the Gospel had been received with faith in the very capital of the world.” There is a bit of hyperbole in all over the world, for it does not mean every single person has heard the report; it probably does mean all the churches and unbelievers everywhere (at least in the Roman world). The growth of the Gospel in Rome would have widespread repercussions. P…

Gathering the Animals

Gathering the Animals

Excerpt God not only wanted humans to be preserved from destruction but also every kind of creature that would be drowned by the waters of the Flood. But how was Noah to gather such a large number of animals, birds, and creeping things? God would cause these creatures to come to Noah (v. 207:815) and Noah would take them into the ark (6:19). This included not only pairs of unclean animals who would be able to reproduce after the Flood, but also seven pairs of clean animals, some of whom would be used for sacrifices (8:209:3). Noah and his family not only learned about the faithfulness of God, but they also saw the sovereignty of God in action. More Wiersbe, Warren W. Be Basic. Colorado Springs, CO: Chariot Victor Pub., 1998. Print. “Be” Commentary Series.

Sea of Galilee

Sea of Galilee

The last rays of the sun take their leave of the Sea of Galilee on a long summer day. To the east the Golan Heights are already in darkness. Israel’s only fresh water lake is at the north of the Jordan Valley Rift, 210 meters below sea level. It is 21 kilometers long and its maximum width is 12 kilometers. Its main sources are the River Jordan and rain water. It appears in the Book of Joshua as Kinneret, the name of a Canaanite town on its shores: “…  sea of Chinnereth on the other side of Jordan eastward” (Joshua 13:27). Perhaps the lake’s name comes from its resemblance to a violin, “Kinnor” in Hebrew. Around its fertile shores and in the neighboring towns Jesus preached his sermons and performed miracles.

Rabbinical Beliefs About Soul and Body

11:17 Rabbinical Beliefs About Soul and Body

    On his arrival, Jesus found that Lazarus had already been in the tomb for four days.

The three days after death were called “days of weeping,” which were followed by four “days of lamentation,” thus   Three days after death studies after death brick-wall days a week, which will follow, or Jesus implementation  making up the seven “days of mourning” (see Genesis 27:41 Days of Mourning).
According to rabbinical thought, the spirit wanders about the sepulcher for three days seeking an opportunity to return into the body; but when the aspect of the body changes, it hovers no more, but leaves the body to itself. The friends of the deceased were in the habit of visiting the sepulcher for three days after death and burial, probably because they supposed they would thus be nearer to the departed soul. When the fourth day came, and decomposition took place, and the soul, as they supposed, went away from the sepulcher, they beat their breast and …

Understanding Israelite Monotheism

Understanding Israelite

Old Testament affirmations such as Deut 6:4 (“Hear, O Israel, Yahweh our God is one”) and the prophets’ repeated statements that “there is none besides Yahweh,” can easily lead to the assumption that the OT Israelites did not believe in the existence of other gods. According to this assumption, the definition of monotheism rules out the existence of other gods. In light of many OT passages, these assumptions cannot be sustained. Rather than producing contradictions within the biblical text, these passages that are often set aside demonstrate how godly Israelites thought about Yahweh and provide a more accurate picture of Israelite monotheism.

Barry, John D. et al. Faithlife Study Bible. Bellingham, WA: Logos Bible Software, 2012. Print.

Breastplate of the file pharaoh

Breastplate of the file pharaoh

‎In Egypt the king wore a shield protecting his breast. Later also other persons with special power could wear those plate armor. The breastplates were supposed to emphasize the significance of an office holder who was wearing it. In postexilic Israel, only the High Priest wore a breastplate. Instead of picturesque motifs, it was decorated with twelve precious stones representing the twelve tribes of Israel.

‎Exod 28:15–30; 39:8–21

The Hangman's, Tree, Damascus

The Hangman's, Tree, 

This tree is one of the curiosities of the city. It grows not far from the public square in one of the crowded streets. It is a plane tree with deciduous palmate leaves and whitish bark. It is said that the plane tree was highly esteemed in ancient Greece, and that “the youth of Greece were accustomed to assemble under the shade of the plane tree in the groves of Academus to receive lessons in philosophy.” The immense gnarled branches of this great plane tree bear the mark of hoary antiquity, and its trunk is nearly forty feet in circumference. It is not far from the citadel, and one of its branches has been used as a gallows for public execution. The cedar, the plane and the palm tree of the Lebanon and the desert are justly celebrated, and it is to be regretted that in central and southern Palestine the palm and the plane have almost disappeared, though they were once the glory of Jericho and of other ancient cities. What a lesson the great plane tr…



‎Over the centuries, theologians have offered a number of accounts of the ways in which Jesus has atoning significance. Different theories, analogies and metaphors have been used in attempts to explain or to illuminate the essential experience and principal testimony of the church; that God has acted in and through Jesus Christ to deal with the fundamental flaw in human existence. Different understandings of atonement have stressed either the incarnation of God in Jesus, the death of Jesus on the cross, the resurrection of Jesus from the dead, or some combination of these, as being the key atoning act or acts. Most theologians of the Western church have defined the flaw in the relationship between God and humanity in terms of sin and its consequences and have tended to offer accounts of atonement in which the crucifixion of Jesus is the central act and is understood as a sacrifice. One difficulty with many of these views is that they concentrate on the death of Jesu…

The first covenant

The first covenant
Excerpt God placed two special trees in the middle of the Garden: the Tree of Life and the tree of the knowledge of good and evil (Gen. 2:9173:3,2224). Eating from the tree of life would confer immortality (v. 22). Eating from the second tree would confer an experiential knowledge of good and evil, but it would also bring death (2:17).4 Since they had never experienced evil, Adam and Eve were like innocent children (Deut. 1:39Isa. 7:15–16). When they disobeyed God, they became like Him in being able to discriminate between good and evil; but they became unlike Him in that they lost their sinlessness and eventually died. But why did God have to test Adam and Eve? There may be many answers to that question, but one thing is sure: God wanted humans to love and obey Him freely and willingly and not because they were programmed like robots who had to obey. More Wiersbe, Warren W. Be Basic. Colorado Springs, CO: Chariot Victor Pub., 1998. Print. “Be” Commentary Se…

Greeting and Prayer

Greeting and PrayerBy: Sister Shirley Thomas
Good morning saints, friend and enemies in the name of Jesus. LOVE  As for God, His way is perfect: the way of the Lord is flawless, He is a shield for all who take refuge in Him. (Psalm 18:30) Today I remind myself once again that God owes me nothing, but has given me everything in His Son. It is my privilege today to be called to worship the Most HighGod in love, humility and reverence. In the name of Jesus. U Have a wonderful stress-free day.  Smiling face  J  with heart-shaped eyes  much love.

Mundy's Quote for the Day

Mundy's Quote for the Day By: Reverend Lynwood F. Mundy A Warning 18 For I testify to everyone who hears the words of the prophecy of this book: If anyone adds to these things, God will add to him the plagues that are written in this book; 19 and if anyone takes away from the words of the bookof thisprophecy, God shall take away his part from the Book of Life, from the holy city, and from the things which are written in this book (Revelation 22:18-19, NKJV).

Catholic Lectionary


              First Reading       Jonah 3:1–10
              Response       Psalm 51:19b
PsalmPsalm 51:3–4, 12–13, 18–19
Gospel Acclamation       Joel 2:12–13
Gospel Luke 11:29–32

Catholic Lectionary. Bellingham, WA: Logos Bible Software, 2009. Print.

The Episcopal Church. Book of Common Prayer Lectionary


Psalms (Morning)       Psalm 119:49–72
Psalms (Evening)       Psalm 49 (53)
Old TestamentDeuteronomy 9:13–21
 New Testament Hebrews 3:12–19
Gospel       John 2:23–3:15

The Episcopal Church. Book of Common Prayer Lectionary. Bellingham, WA: Logos Bible Software, 2010. Print.