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Showing posts from March 19, 2015

Mosaic Floor

Mosaic Floor 
Fourth century mosaic floor from Hammath Tiberias synagogue.

Jewish Society in the Greco-Roman Period
Research designed to illuminate three areas of Jewish history during the Greco-Roman period focuses on three areas. The first deals with Judaism and its development during late antiquity. Study of the Pharisees and Sadducees of the Talmudic era, for example, may reveal the ideologies and social status of these religious elites, as well as determine their impact on Jewish society. Special attention has been paid to the rabbis of the 3rd and 4th centuries, their self-definition and self-perception, and also the unity and diversity within this particular elite.
A second area emphasizes the major institutions of ancient Judaism, such as the Patriarchate and the synagogue. How much authority and prominence did the Patriarchate possess? How central to ancient Judaism was the synagogue?
A third focus is the integration of archaeological evidence and literary sources in drawing a…

Mundy's Quote for the Day

Mundy's Quote for the Day By: Reverend Lynwood F. Mundy
Walking in the Spirit
16 I say then: Walk in the Spirit, and you shall not fulfill the lust of the flesh. 17 For the flesh lusts against the Spirit, and the Spirit against the flesh; and these are contrary to one another, so that you do not do the things that you wish. 18 But if you are led by the Spirit, you are not under the law. 19 Now the works of the flesh are evident, which are: adultery, fornication, uncleanness, lewdness, 20 idolatry, sorcery, hatred, contentions, jealousies, outbursts of wrath, selfish ambitions, dissensions, heresies, 21 envy, murders, drunkenness, revelries, and the like; of which I tell you beforehand, just as I also told you in time past, that those who practice such things will not inherit the kingdom of God. 22 But the fruit of the Spirit is love, joy, peace, longsuffering, kindness, goodness, faithfulness, 23 gentleness, self-control. Against such there is no law. 24 And those who are Christ’s …


Doxa essentially describes manifestations of supernatural splendor or divine glory. In the Greek translation of the OT (LXX), doxa is the usual translation for the Hebrew word kabod, whose primary meaning relates to weight (being heavy, weighty, or impressive). God’s presence was manifested by a visible, luminous phenomenon referred to as His doxa, which rested in particular in the tabernacle or temple (Exod 40:34–35; 1 Kgs 8:11; Hag 2:7 LXX).
In the NT, doxa can also refer to the visible splendor or brightness of God’s presence (e.g.Rev 15:8; 21:11). Writing to the Romans, Paul uses doxa to describe the direct presence of God and the communion with Him that was forfeited by humanity at the fall (Rom 3:23). Jesus is also described as manifesting doxa(John 1:14), and consequently, He can be ascribed as doxa(Heb 13:21). Doxa can also refer to an evil supernatural being (2 Pet 2:10), describe the visible manifestation of a benevolent angel (Rev 18:1), or refer to the wonder and greatn…

Deportation of idols

Deportation of idols
‎When a city was conquered, usually its idols were also led away and placed in the temple of one’s own god. Thus the power of the foreign deity was acknowledged, but at the same time it was put beneath the power of one’s own god. This relief comes from the palace of Tiglat-Pilesers III (745–727 BCE) in Nimrud. ‎1 Sam 5

The Synagogue at Capernaum

The Synagogue at Capernaum
‎Luke’sGospel says the synagogue in Capernaum was built by the centurion of whom Jesus later said, “I have not found such faith in Israel” (Luke 7:5, 9). It was destroyed and rebuilt in the fourth century.

A Land Flowing with Milk and Honey

A Land Flowing with Milk and HoneyExodus 3:8 Excerpt The phrase a land flowing with milk means that Canaan was ideal for raising goats and cows. Feeding on good pastureland the goats, sheep, and cows were full of milk. Flowing with honey means that the bees were busy making honey. Milk and honey suggested agricultural prosperity. This is the first of numerous references in the Old Testament to the “land flowing with milk and honey” (cf. v. 1733:3Lev. 20:24Num. 13:2714:816:13-14;Deut. 6:311:926:91527:331:20Josh. 5:6Jer. 11:532:22Ezek. 20:615). More Hannah, John D. “Exodus.” The Bible Knowledge Commentary: An Exposition of the Scriptures. Ed. J. F. Walvoord and R. B. Zuck. Vol. 1. Wheaton, IL: Victor Books, 1985. 112. Print

Nazareth: Synagogue Church- Altar

Nazareth: Synagogue Church- Altar
‎The altar of the Synagogue Church, in the Nazareth market uphill from the Basilica of the Annunciation. According to a tradition going back to the 6th century A.D., this was the site of the synagogue where Jesus preached until his big confrontation with the Jews of Nazareth. At the end of this confrontation, as described in Luke 4:15–24, Jesus said: “No prophet is accepted in his own country”.

Jerusalem: Church of Our Lady of Mt. Zion

Jerusalem: Church of Our Lady of Mt. Zion ‎ Jerusalem. Mount Zion lies In the southwest of the Old City, outside the city wall built by Suleiman the Magnificent. It is a hill mentioned over 150 times in the Old Testament, which houses sites sacred to the three monotheistic religions. Tradition, based on Acts 2:1–4, places here the Miracle of the Oaths, when the disciples were filled with the Holy Spirit and spoke many tongues. The first church on Mt. Zion, the Church of Holy Zion, was built by the Emperor Constantine the Great in the 4th century A.D. On its ruins the Crusaders, in the 12th century, built the Church of Our Lady of Mount Zion. The Coenaculum, the room of the Last Supper, is in the upper gallery. The arches emerging from the capitals on the sculpted columns are an example of Crusader building art.

Through Christ's Death We Were From Satan

Through Christ'sDeath We Were  From Satan Excerpt These children, however, were once held in servitude by their enemy, Satan. Since they were human, their Captain had to become human and die for them, in order to rescue them. But by doing so He was able to destroy … the devil. The author did not mean that Satan ceased to exist or to be active. Rather the word he used for “destroy” (katargēsē) indicates the annulment of his power over those whom Christ redeems. In speaking of the devil as wielding the power of death, the writer meant that Satan uses people’s fear of death to enslave them to his will. Often people make wrong moral choices out of their intense desire for self-preservation. The readers were reminded that they were no longer subject to such slavery and that they could face death with the same confidence in God their Captain had.More Hodges, Zane C. “Hebrews.” The Bible Knowledge Commentary: An Exposition of the Scriptures. Ed. J. F. Walvoord and R. B. Zuck. Vol. 2. Wh…

Thoughts for the Quiet Hour

March 19

  Their eyes were holden … Their eyes were opened
Luke 24:16, 31
There is much precious significance in this. The Lord is often present in our lives in things that we do not dream possess any significance. We are asking God about something which needs His mighty working, and the very instrument by which He is to work is by our side, perhaps for weeks and months and years all unrecognized, until suddenly, some day it grows luminous and glorious with the very presence of the Lord, and becomes the mighty instrument of His victorious working. He loves to show His hand through the unexpected. Often he keeps us from seeing His way until just before He opens it, and then, immediately that it is unfolded, we find that He was walking by our side in the very thing, long before we even suspected its meaning.

A. B. Simpson

Hardman, Samuel G., and Dwight Lyman Moody. Thoughts for the Quiet Hour. Willow Grove, PA: Woodlawn Electronic Publishing, 1997. Print.

Amazing Grace: 366 Inspiring Hymn Stories for Daily Devotions

March 19

Text—Irish hymn, c. 8th century • Music—Irish Melody
Translated by Mary E. Byrne, 1880–1931
Versified by Eleanor H. Hull, 1860–1935

  Where there is no vision, the people perish: but he that keepeth the law, happy is he. (Proverbs 29:18)

Truly our visionary attitude throughout life is often the difference between success and mediocrity. One is reminded of the classic story of the two shoe salesmen who were sent to a primitive island to determine business potential. The first salesman wired back, “Coming home immediately. No one here wears shoes.” The second man responded, “Send a boatload of shoes immediately. The possibilities for selling shoes here are unlimited.”
For the Christian, vision is a true awareness of Christ in all of His fullness and enabling power. This ancient 8th century hymn text from Ireland is still meaningful for us today with its expression of a yearning for the presence and leading of God in our lives. The earnest prayer is enhanced by…

My Utmost for His Highest

March 19th

The way of Abraham in faith

He went out, not knowing whither he went. Hebrews 11:8.

In the Old Testament, personal relationship with God showed itself in separation, and this is symbolized in the life of Abraham by his separation from his country and from his kith and kin. To-day the separation is more of a mental and moral separation from the way that those who are dearest to us look at things, that is, if they have not a personal relationship with God. Jesus Christ emphasized this (see Luke 14:26).
Faith never knows where it is being led, but it loves and knows the One Who is leading. It is a life of faith, not of intellect and reason, but a life of knowing Who makes us ‘go’. The root of faith is the knowledge of a Person, and one of the biggest snares is the idea that God is sure to lead us to success.
The final stage in the life of faith is attainment of character. There are many passing transfiguration's of character; when we pray we feel the blessing of God en-wr…

Spurgeon, Charles H. Morning and Evening

Morning, March 19                                               Go To Evening Reading

         “Strong in faith.”
— Romans 4:20
Christian, take good care of thy faith; for recollect faith is the only way whereby thou canst obtain blessings. If we want blessings from God, nothing can fetch them down but faith. Prayer cannot draw down answers from God’s throne except it be the earnest prayer of the man who believes. Faith is the angelic messenger between the soul and the Lord Jesus in glory. Let that angel be withdrawn, we can neither send up prayer, nor receive the answers. Faith is the telegraphic wire which links earth and heaven—on which God’s messages of love fly so fast, that before we call he answers, and while we are yet speaking he hears us. But if that telegraphic wire of faith be snapped, how can we receive the promise? Am I in trouble?—I can obtain help for trouble by faith. Am I beaten about by the enemy?—my soul on her dear Refuge leans by faith. But take faith away—in vai…

Connect the Testaments

March 19: A Merciful Smackdown
Numbers 22:1–41; 1 Corinthians 5:1–6:11; Psalm 19:1–14

Sometimes, we’d rather not be teachable. When it comes to taking advice from people in my church community, it’s easier to keep an emotional distance than it is to listen. If I tread lightly on their sin, maybe they’ll tread lightly on mine. If we keep our problems to ourselves, we can maintain a certain understanding. This type of tolerance has deadly results.
Unrestrained sin and pride doesn’t just hurt the one who is sinning—its waves affect everyone (1 Cor 5:6). This is why Paul takes such a strong stance against it in 1 Cor 5:1–13. In Corinth, believers were using their freedom to commit all sorts of sordid sins. And instead of being broken about their sin, they were filled with pride—they were boasting about their freedom.
Paul knew he had to do something drastic to break through such thought patterns. His statement is startling for those who might practice tolerance for sin: “I have decided t…