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Showing posts from April 29, 2015

Pottery forms

Pottery forms Among the pottery forms that derive from Canaan are handmade “Middle Bronze IIA” cooking pots found in the earliest Hyksos levels at Maskhuta.
Redmount, Carol A. “Ethnicity, Pottery, and the Hyksos at Tell El-Maskhuta in the Egyptian Delta.” Biblical Archaeologist: Volume 58 1-4 2001 : 186. Print.

Origin of the Pharisees

Origin of the PhariseesPhilippians 3:5 Excerpt The origins of the Pharisees are obscure. According to Jewish tradition, Pharisaic (= rabbinic) Judaism can be traced back to Ezra and the beginnings of the scribal movement in the fifth century bc. At the opposite extreme, a few scholars argue that, since there are no explicit references to the Pharisees in historical documents prior to the second century bc, Pharisaism appeared suddenly after the Maccabean revolt (167 bc). Many specialists take the position that perhaps as early as the third century bc one can find evidence of an incipient form of Pharisaism (as in The Wisdom of Joshua [Jesus] ben Sirach, also known as Ecclesiasticus). It may well be, moreover, that the intellectual pursuits associated with the work of the scribes did have something to do with the development of the Pharisees. It is also probable that prior to the Maccabean revolt some distinctive Pharisaic concerns appeared in connection with the development of the Has…

Roman Soldier

Roman Soldier ‎The picture shows a Roman soldier with plate armor, put-on short sword, helmet, rectangular shield, tunica, and sandals. ‎Matt 8:9; 27:27; 28:12; Luke 3:14; Acts 10:7; 12:4, 12:6, 12:18; 21:32; 23:10, 23:23, 23:27, 23:31, 23:32; 28:16

David and Goliath

David and Goliath Excerpt A champion is needed to fight a giant Philistine called Goliath. David volunteers. This should be Saul’s task, as he is a head taller than any of his men — and has one of the few suits of armour! But David goes out to meet Goliath, armed only with faith in the living God — and his shepherd’s sling. This is more than a test of bravery. It is a brave declaration that the God of Israel is greater than all other gods. As David says: The whole world will know that there is a God in Israel. All those gathered here will know that it is not by sword or spear that the Lord saves; for the battle is the Lord’s (17:46–47). This is God’s war! The lad with faith takes on the giant of fear. Goliath stands for all the pride and power of paganism. David and his sling are so puny that victory can only be an act of God. More Knowles, Andrew. The Bible Guide. 1st Augsburg books ed. Minneapolis, MN: Augsburg, 2001. Print

The Father is Greater than I

The Father is Greater than IJohn 14:28 Excerpt Thus the Arians, the Gnostics, and their modern successors have used the statement “the Father is greater than I” to make a separation in the Godhead and minimize Jesus in relation to the ultimate God.184 As I indicated in the discussion of the Prologue, Jesus was from the beginning directly associated with God (1:1) and certainly not merely “a god,” as the Jehovah Witnesses have argued.185 Moreover, he was active in the creation of all things (1:3). More Borchert, Gerald L. John 12–21. Vol. 25B. Nashville: Broadman & Holman Publishers, 2002. Print. The New American Commentary

Word Puzzle Job 19:19-25

Word Puzzle Job 19:19-25

My Redeemer Lives

My Redeemer Lives 19 iAll my close friends abhor me, And those whom I love have turned against me. 20 jMy bone clings to my skin and to my flesh, And I have escaped by the skin of my teeth. 21     “Have pity on me, have pity on me, O you my friends, For the hand of God has struck me! 22     Why do you kpersecute me as Goddoes, And are not satisfied with my flesh? 23     “Oh, that my words were written! Oh, that they were inscribed in a book! 24     That they were engraved on a rock With an iron pen and lead, forever! 25     For I know that my Redeemer lives, And He shall stand at last on the earth; (Job 19:19-25)[1]


iPs. 38:11; 55:12, 13 jJob 16:8; 33:21; Ps. 102:5; Lam. 4:8 kJob 13:24, 25; 16:11; 19:6; Ps. 69:26 [1]The New King James Version. Nashville: Thomas Nelson, 1982. Print.

Stand Firm in Freedom

Stand Firm in Freedom Excerpt If Galatians is the Magna Carta of Christian liberty, then Gal 5:1 has reason to be considered one of the key verses of the epistle. With the language of freedom and slavery still ringing in their ears from the analogy of Hagar and Sarah, the Galatians are now told by Paul: “Plant your feet firmly therefore within the freedom that Christ has won for us, and do not let yourselves be caught again in the shackles of slavery” (Phillips).10 This verse contains both an assertion, “For freedom … Christ has set us free,” and a command based upon it, “Stand firm, then, and do not let yourselves be burdened again by a yoke of slavery.” More George, Timothy. Galatians. Vol. 30. Nashville: Broadman & Holman Publishers, 1994. Print. The New American Commentary

Thoughts for the Quiet Hour

April 29

  Thou shalt know that I am the Lord: for they shall not be ashamed that wait for me
Isa. 49:23
Quiet waiting before God would save from many a mistake and from many a sorrow.

J. Hudson Taylor

Hardman, Samuel G., and Dwight Lyman Moody. Thoughts for the Quiet Hour. Willow Grove, PA: Woodlawn Electronic Publishing, 1997. Print.

Connect the Testaments

April 29: Examine Thy Self
Joshua 21:1–22:9; 2 Corinthians 13:1–10; Psalm 59:1–17

Before advising others on how they should act, self-examination is always necessary. When the Corinthians questioned the authenticity of Paul and his colleagues’ ministry (which is ironic, since he had planted their church), Paul says to them: “Test yourselves to see if you are in the faith. Examine yourselves! Or do you not recognize regarding yourselves that Jesus Christ is in you, unless you are unqualified?” (2 Cor 13:5).

None of us are ready for the ministry that Jesus has for us because we’re not worthy of the great gift of salvation He has offered. We are meant to find our identity and calling in Christ and to lead out of the gifts He has given us (see 1 Cor 12). For this reason, Paul makes this claim:
“And I hope that you will recognize that we are not unqualified! Now we pray to God that you not do wrong in any way, not that we are seen as approved, but that you do what is good, even though we ar…

My Utmost for His Highest

April 29th
The graciousness of uncertainty


It doth not yet appear what we shall be. 1 John 3:2.
Naturally, we are inclined to be so mathematical and calculating that we look upon uncertainty as a bad thing. We imagine that we have to reach some end, but that is not the nature of spiritual life. The nature of spiritual life is that we are certain in our uncertainty, consequently we do not make our nests anywhere. Common sense says—‘Well, supposing I were in that condition …’ We cannot suppose ourselves in any condition we have never been in.
Certainty is the mark of the commonsense life: gracious uncertainty is the mark of the spiritual life. To be certain of God means that we are uncertain in all our ways, we do not know what a day may bring forth. This is generally said with a sigh of sadness; it should be rather an expression of breathless expectation. We are uncertain of the next step, but we are certain of God. Immediately we abandon to God, and do the duty that lies nearest, He …

Spurgeon, Charles H. Morning and Evening

Morning, April 29                                            Go To Evening Reading

 “Thou art my hope in the day of evil.” 
         — Jeremiah 17:17
The path of the Christian is not always bright with sunshine; he has his seasons of darkness and of storm. True, it is written in God’s Word, “Her ways are ways of pleasantness, and all her paths are peace;” and it is a great truth, that religion is calculated to give a man happiness below as well as bliss above; but experience tells us that if the course of the just be “As the shining light that shineth more and more unto the perfect day,” yet sometimes that light is eclipsed. At certain periods clouds cover the believer’s sun, and he walks in darkness and sees no light. There are many who have rejoiced in the presence of God for a season; they have basked in the sunshine in the earlier stages of their Christian career; they have walked along the “green pastures” by the side of the “still waters,” but suddenly they find the glorious sky …