The “Tower of Babel” was an ancient construction called a ziggurat—a step-pyramid building with a shrine at the top reserved for a divine being. The people built this construction in the plain of Shinar to make a great name for themselves and to avoid being scattered over the face of the earth (Gen 11:4). God, however, disapproved of their plans and judged the people by confusing their language in order to scatter them (Gen 11:6–8). The story explains the origin of languages and the nations, especially Babylon (Gen 11:9).
Cisneros, Johnny. “Tower of Babel.” Ed. John D. Barry et al. The Lexham Bible Dictionary2012, 2013, 2014, 2015 : n. pag. Print.