Caesarea Philippi lies on the slopes of Mt. Hermon in the outermost north of Israel. From the cave shown in the picture rises the Jordan River. The cave was originally connected to the Greek god Pan, and perhaps idols of Greek gods stood once in the niches. The son of Herod, Philip (4 BCE-34 CE), founded a village here. Also, several places of worship were built near the cave during the course of the 1st century CE.
Matt 16:13; Mark 8:27