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Showing posts from September 19, 2016

Abbasid Cooking Pots from an Occupational Context on the Ruined Exedra 3

Abbasid Cooking Pots from an Occupational Context on the Ruined Exedra 3

Fig. 16. Abbasid cooking pots from an occupational context on the ruined exedra 3.
The origin of market buildings must be sought in the archaic Greek agora; this public space was conceived mainly as a meeting place with a specific political function, but it gradually acquired some commercial functions as well. Moreover, in Classical Greece both functions were clearly separated by the construction of two different spaces; thus a commercial agora appeared within most of the Greek cities. During the Hellenistic period, the number of commercial agoras was increased and they consisted of mere quadrangular open spaces enclosed by four independent stoas on their four sides. The examples of Ephesos (Akurgal 1983: 161; fig. 50, 17) or the Pergamon lower agora dated from the times of Eumenes II onwards (Akurgal 1983: 102; fig. 34, 19) illustrate the Hellenistic prototype of marketplaces.

Uscatescu, Alexandra, and Manuel Ma…

Phrygian Coin

Phrygian Coin

‎This silver three-drachma coin’s Latin inscription says “Lentulus Imperator.” Lentulus became “Imperator” (“Commander”) in 57 B.C. when, with Julius Caesar’s backing, he was elected one of Rome’s two ruling proconsuls. As Roman Cilicia’s provincial governor, he issued this coin in about 55 B.C. in Apamea, near Laodicea. The local magistrate’s name, Kastoros, appears in Greek at the bottom. The Greeks called Apamea’s region Phrygia, as did Luke (Acts 2:10). With a first century A.D. population around 450,000, Apamea followed only Ephesus in economic importance among the cities in Roman Asia. ‎Acts 2:10, Acts 16:6, Acts 18:23

Chameleon’s Face, Close-Up

Chameleon’s Face, Close-Up
‎ This photograph of a common chameleon in a tree in Libya centers on one of its eyes. Chameleons can move their eyes independently, processing two separate fields of vision, and can also direct both eyes forward for stereoptic vision. In Israel, chameleons are most active from May to November and usually mate sometime between July and September. The mature female produces one clutch of eggs per year between mid-July and late October. ‎Lev 11:30 ‎Image by Victor Korniyenko, from Wikimedia Commons. License: CC BY-SA 3.0

Aquinas on What a Sacrament Signifies

Aquinas on What a Sacrament Signifies

A sacrament properly speaking is that which is ordained to signify our sanctification. In which three things may be considered; viz., the very cause of our sanctification, which is Christ’s passion; the form of our sanctification, which is grace and the virtues; and the ultimate end of our sanctification, which is eternal life. And all these are signified by the sacraments. Consequently, a sacrament is a sign that is both a reminder of the past, i.e., the passion of Christ; and an indication of that which is effected in us by Christ’s passion, i.e., grace; and a prognostic, that is, a foretelling of future glory.

Thomas Aquinas. Summa Theologica. Trans. Fathers of the English Dominican Province. London: Burns Oates & Washbourne. Print.

Double-Masted Egyptian Galley

Double-Masted Egyptian Galley

‎The two trees constituting this Egyptian ship’s double mast were probably firs from Lebanon’s or Syria’s mountains. African trees useable as masts grew far south of Egypt; transport logistics were impractical. The bases of the two mast uprights attached to ship gunwales. At this stage of Egyptian boatbuilding, they hadn’t yet adopted the Phoenician practice of fixing the mast base to a keel at the center of the hull. The sail was almost certainly linen; the Egyptians were known for the linen sails they produced. ‎Prov 23:31–35, Isa 33:21–23, Ezek 27:5–7, 25–36

Woe to Me!

Woe to Me!

Isaiah 6:5


This vision of God’s majesty, holiness, and glory made Isaiah realize that he was a sinner. When Ezekiel saw God’s glory he too responded with humility. (Cf. the responses of Job, Job 42:5-6; Peter, Luke 5:8; and the Apostle John, Rev.1:17.) Isaiah had pronounced woes (threats of judgment) on the nation (Isa. 5:8-23), but now by saying Woe to me! (cf. 24:16) he realized he was subject to judgment. This was because he was unclean. When seen next to the purity of God’s holiness, the impurity of human sin is all the more evident. The prophet’s unclean lips probably symbolized his attitudes and actions as well as his words, for a person’s words reflect his thinking and relate to his actions. Interestingly Isaiah identified with his people who also were sinful (a people of unclean lips).

Martin, John A. “Isaiah.” The Bible Knowledge Commentary: An Exposition of the Scriptures. Ed. J. F. Walvoord and R. B. Zuck. Vol. 1. Wheaton, IL: Victor Books, 1985. 1045. Pri…

Armor of God: Shield

Armor of God: Shield
‎The curve was created using three bonded layers of thin wood strips. Covered by linen or leather, the shield was painted according to the legion. A bronze rim covered the rounded edges as additional protection.

Connect the Testaments

September 19: Honestly Questioning God
Habakkuk 1:1–2:5; Acts 17:1–34; Job 25:1–6

Many people are afraid, to be honest with God—which is odd, considering that He already knows what we’re thinking. The biblical authors certainly told God how they felt, and they did so eloquently and often.

The prophet Habakkuk remarked, “O Yahweh, how long shall I cry for help and you will not listen? How long will I cry out to you, ‘Violence!’ and you will not save?” (Hab 1:1–2). Habakkuk felt that God was not answering his prayers—that God was ignoring his petitions. He reminded God of the desperate need for His intercession. In doing so, Habakkuk reminds us that wrestling with God is a healthy and necessary component of following Him.
Habakkuk went on to make more desperate, even angry, request: “Why do you cause me to see evil while you look at trouble? Destruction and violence happen before me; contention and strife arise. Therefore the law is paralyzed, and justice does not go forth perpetually. F…

Morning and Evening

Morning, September 19 Go To Evening Reading

“The liberty wherewith Christ hath made us free.” —Galatians 5:1
This “liberty” makes us free to heaven’s charter—the Bible. Here is a choice passage, believer, “When thou passest through the rivers, I will be with thee.” You are free to that. Here is another: “The mountains shall depart, and the hills are removed, but my kindness shall not depart from thee”; you are free to that. You are a welcome guest at the table of the promises. Scripture is a never-failing treasury filled with boundless stores of grace. It is the bank of heaven; you may draw from it as much as you please without let or hindrance. Come in faith and you are welcome to all covenant blessings. There is not a promise in the Word which shall be withheld. In the depths of tribulations let this freedom comfort you; amidst waves of distress let it cheer you; when sorrows surround thee let it be thy solace. This is thy Father’s love-token; thou art free to it at all times. Thou ar…

My Utmost for His Highest

September 19th
Do you continue to go with Jesus?

Ye are they which have continued with Me in My temptations. Luke 22:28.
It is true that Jesus Christ is with us in our temptations, but are we going with Him in His temptations? Many of us cease to go with Jesus from the moment we have an experience of what He can do. Watch when God shifts your circumstances, and see whether you are going with Jesus, or siding with the world, the flesh and the devil. We wear His badge, but are we going with Him? “From that time many of His disciples went back and walked no more with Him.” The temptations of Jesus continued throughout His earthly life, and they will continue throughout the life of the Son of God in us. Are we going with Jesus in the life we are living now?
We have the idea that we ought to shield ourselves from some of the things God brings around us. Never! God engineers circumstances, and whatever they may be like we have to see that we face them while abiding continually with Him in …

Thoughts for the Quiet Hour

September 19

  I have chosen thee in the furnace of affliction
Isa. 48:10
Does not the word come like a soft shower, assuaging the fury of the flame? Yea, is it, not an asbestos armor, against which the heat hath no power? Let affliction come—God has chosen me. Poverty, thou mayest stride in at my door—but God is in the house already, and He has chosen me. Sickness, thou mayest intrude, but I have a balsam ready—God has chosen me. Whatever befalls me in this vale of tears I know that He has “chosen” me. Fear not, Christian; Jesus is with thee. In all thy fiery trials His presence is both thy comfort and safety. He will never leave one whom He has chosen for His own. “Fear not, for I am with thee,” is His sure word of promise to His chosen ones in the “furnace of affliction.”


Hardman, Samuel G., and Dwight Lyman Moody. Thoughts for the Quiet Hour. Willow Grove, PA: Woodlawn Electronic Publishing, 1997. Print.