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Two Views of Adam’s Sin

Two Views of Adam’s SinRomans 5:12 Excerpt The Greek past (aorist) tense occurs in all three verbs in this verse. So the entire human race is viewed as having sinned in the one act of Adam’s sin (cf. “all have sinned,” also the Gr. past tense, in 3:23). Two ways of explaining this participation of the human race in the sin of Adam have been presented by theologians—the “federal headship” of Adam over the race and the “natural or seminal headship” of Adam. (Others say that people merely imitated Adam, that he gave the human race a bad example. But that does not do justice to 5:12.) The federal headship view considers Adam, the first man, as the representative of the human race that generated from him. As the representative of all humans, Adam’s act of sin was considered by God to be the act of all people and his penalty of death was judicially made the penalty of everybody. The natural headship view, on the other hand, recognizes that the entire human race was seminally and physically in A…

All Authority

All AuthorityMatthew 28:18 Excerpt When Jesus claimed “all authority in heaven and on earth,” He meant that there is no one or thing with power to limit His freedom of action (cf. Matthew 8). It is significant that this affirmation is linked with the command that we “go”and make disciples of all nations. More Richards, Lawrence O. The Bible Reader’s Companion. electronic ed. Wheaton: Victor Books, 1991. Print.

Loyalty and Faithfulness

Loyalty and FaithfulnessProverbs 3:3 Excerpt Loyalty and faithfulness are a combination of qualities that occur in such passages asGen 24:49Exo 34:6Deut 7:9; and Psa 25:10and express the ideal relationship between people or between God and people. The twowords overlap considerably in their meanings. In Gen 47:29 the word rendered loyalty(Hebrew chesed) is used of the relationship of Joseph to his father Jacob and in Exo 34:6 of the relationship of the Lord to his own people. An essential element in loyalty is love, and the word is sometimes translated as “love.”njb says “faithful love.”More Reyburn, William David, and Euan McG. Fry. A Handbook on Proverbs. New York: United Bible Societies, 2000. Print. UBS Handbook Series.

Connect the Testaments

July 26: Courtroom Drama, Daytime TV, and Good Deity 2 Samuel 16:1–17:29; 2 Peter 2:1–11; Psalm 143:1–12 I remember old television courtroom episodes where people beg for forgiveness from a cynical judge when they should seek forgiveness from the person they’ve wronged. Usually, these shows take the irony to the next level: The judge shows less mercy to those who beg, viewing their actions as a further demonstration of their weak character. Thankfully, God is not this kind of judge, though we often falsely characterize Him that way. At the beginning of Psa 143, the psalmist remarks, “O Yahweh, hear my prayer; listen to my supplications. In your faithfulness answer me” (Psa 143:1). He then adds, “And do not enter into judgment with your servant, because no one alive is righteous before you” (Psa 143:2). The psalmist’s prayers are well spoken, but are they honest? The psalmist goes on, “Teach me to do your will, for you are my God; Your Spirit is good. Lead me onto level ground” (Psa 143:1…

Morning and Evening

Morning, July 26Go To Evening Reading
“Giving all diligence, add to your faith virtue; and to virtue knowledge, etc.” —2 Peter 1:5, 6
If thou wouldest enjoy the eminent grace of the full assurance of faith, under the blessed Spirit’s influence, and assistance, do what the Scripture tells thee, “Give diligence.” Take care that thy faith is of the right kind—that it is not a mere belief of doctrine, but a simple faith, depending on Christ, and in Christ alone. Give diligent heed to thy courage. Plead with God that he would give thee the face of a lion, that thou mayest, with a consciousness of right, go on boldly. Study well the Scriptures, and get knowledge; for a knowledge of doctrine will tend very much to confirm faith. Try to understand God’s Word; let it dwell in thy heart richly.
When thou hast done this, “Add to the knowledge temperance.” Take heed to thy body: be temperate without. Take heed to thy soul: be temperate within. Get temperance of lip, life, heart, and thought. Add to t…

My Utmost for His Highest

July 26th The account with purity Out of the heart proceed …Matthew 15:18–20. We begin by trusting our ignorance and calling it innocence, by trusting our innocence and calling it purity; and when we hear these rugged statements of Our Lord’s, we shrink and say—‘But I never felt any of those awful things in my heart.’ We resent what Jesus Christ reveals. Either Jesus Christ is the supreme Authority on the human heart, or He is not worth paying any attention to. Am I prepared to trust His penetration, or do I prefer to trust my innocent ignorance? If I make conscious innocence the test, I am likely to come to a place where I find with a shuddering awakening that what Jesus Christ said is true, and I shall be appalled at the possibility of evil and wrong in me. As long as I remain under the refuge of innocence, I am living in a fool’s paradise. If I have never been a blackguard, the reason is a mixture of cowardice and the protection of civilized life; but when I am undressed before God, I…

Thoughts for the Quiet Hour

July 26 Grow in grace, and in the knowledge of our Lord and Saviour, Jesus Christ 2 Peter 3:18 Grace has its dawn as well as day; grace has its green blade, and afterward its ripe corn in the ear; grace has its babes and its men in Christ. With God’s work there, as with all His works, “in all places of his dominion,” progress is both the prelude and the path to perfection. Therefore we are exhorted to grow in grace, and in the knowledge of our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ, to go on to perfection, saying with Paul, “I count not myself to have apprehended; but this one thing I do, forgetting those things which are behind, and reaching forth unto those things which are before, I press towards the mark for the prize of the high calling of God in Christ Jesus.” Guthrie

 Hardman, Samuel G., and Dwight Lyman Moody. Thoughts for the Quiet Hour. Willow Grove, PA: Woodlawn Electronic Publishing, 1997. Print.


VisionsExcerpt [Visions are] things normally hidden from human eyes. Visions, dreams, and heavenly journeys are closely related phenomena through which secrets are thought to be revealed. These media of revelation are especially characteristic of apocalyptic literature. Visions can be distinguished from theophanies and epiphanies of angels or of Jesus. In theophanies and epiphanies the emphasis is on the appearance or presence of a heavenly being and often on the message conveyed by that being. In visions the emphasis is on an object, a scene, or a sequence of events that is enacted. Accounts of visions have certain typical formal features. They are usually in the first person: the visionary describes his or her experience. The setting is often given near the beginning: the date, place, and time at which the vision occurred. Then follows the content of the vision, usually introduced by the words ‘I saw.’ Sometimes the account concludes with remarks about how the visionary reacted to the…

Holy Spirit as Inheritance

Holy Spirit as InheritanceEphesians 1:13–14 Excerpt The Holy Spirit who seals is a deposit guaranteeing our inheritance. The “deposit” is more than a pledge which could be returned; it is a down payment with a guarantee of more to come (cf. “the firstfruits of the Spirit,” Rom. 8:23). “A deposit guaranteeing” translates the Greek arrabōn(used elsewhere in the NT only in 2 Cor. 1:225:5). It guarantees believers’ “inheritance” of salvation and heaven (cf. 1 Peter1:4). (See comments on “inheritance” in Eph. 1:18.) In essence, the “deposit” of the Holy Spirit is a little bit of heaven in believers’ lives with a guarantee of much more yet to come. More Hoehner, Harold W. “Ephesians.”The Bible Knowledge Commentary: An Exposition of the Scriptures. Ed. J. F. Walvoord and R. B. Zuck. Vol. 2. Wheaton, IL: Victor Books, 1985. 619. Print.

Moses Strikes the Rock Twice

Moses Strikes the Rock TwiceNumbers 20:10–11 Excerpt Milgrom has examined Moses’ actions against the backdrop of Egyptian and Mesopotamian magicians and diviners as well as in the context of the nature of God revealed in the Pentateuch. Moses’ actions were tantamount to that of an idolatrous pagan magician, and thus Milgrom notes, “Here, in a direct address to his people, Moses ascribes miraculous powers to himself and Aaron. Indeed by broadcasting one word, nôṣîʾ, “we shall bring forth”—Moses and Aaron might be interpreted as having put themselves forth as God.… Israel had to be released from more than chains; it still had to purged of its pagan background.363 In summary, Milgrom states, “Against the backdrop of the Pentateuchal sensitivity to man’s usurping of God’s powers, Moses’ act is manifestly shocking.”364 The collapse of character was so critical that he would suffer severely for his actions and his attitudes. He would not experience the fullness of God’s promise, the ultimate …

John’s Imprisonment

John’s ImprisonmentExcerpt Scholars debate the dates of John the Baptist’s imprisonment and death. It is likely that John began his ministry about a.d. 29 (cf. v. 1), that he was imprisoned the following year, and that he was beheaded not later than a.d. 32. His entire ministry lasted no more than three years—about one year out of prison and two years in prison. (For details on John’s imprisonment and death by beheading see Matt. 14:1-12Mark 6:14-29Luke 9:7-919-20.) More Martin, John A. “Luke.”The Bible Knowledge Commentary: An Exposition of the Scriptures. Ed. J. F. Walvoord and R. B. Zuck. Vol. 2. Wheaton, IL: Victor Books, 1985. 212. Print.