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Showing posts from March 11, 2016

Plan of Tell el-Farʿah Chamber Tomb 902

Plan of Tell el-Farʿah Chamber Tomb 902

Fig. 3. Plan of Tell el-Farʿah Chamber Tomb 902 (Petrie 1930: pl. 13) (courtesy of UCL Institute of Archaeology).
In the 900 cemetery, chamber tombs were spaced evenly along the slope, while pit and shaft graves were somewhat randomly distributed between and around them. The LB IIB–Early Iron I graves in the 500 cemetery were located among Iron IB graves in one section of the cemetery and spatially distinct from those of the Middle Bronze Age. In all cemeteries, the orientation of the graves was not uniform, with north–south represented in a little more than half.
After the facility was prepared, the deceased was placed in the grave (see table 2). Nearly all were laid out extended on their backs, with their hands most often placed on the pelvis. In keeping with the variable orientation of the graves, head direction was also not consistent, although the majority faced south. Most of the deceased were placed alone in the graves. Multiple burials o…

Jerusalem: Church of the Holy Sepulchre—Greek Orthodox

Jerusalem: Church of the Holy Sepulchre—Greek Orthodox
‎Jerusalem. The Church of the Holy Sepulchre. On June 3rd, Greek Orthodox priests come from all over the land to celebrate the Feast of St. Helena and her son, the Emperor Constantine the Great, in the Greek Patriarchate. The celebration is in memory of the two builders of the first churches in the Holy Land who in the 4th century began the history of Greek brotherhood.

Silver Stater Coin of Augustus

Silver Stater Coin of Augustus

‎This silver stater coin commemorating Augustus Caesar was struck in Antioch of Syria in 5 B.C. On the obverse, ringed by the inscription “Sebastou Kaisaros” (“of Augustus Caesar”), Augustus’ laurel-crowned head faces right. The Tyche (“Fortune”) of Antioch, the city’s protective deity, sits on a rock on the reverse holding a palm branch as the River Orontes swims at her feet. The stater, worth four drachmas, was the coin denomination that Jesus said Peter would find inside a fish (Matt 17:27). ‎Matt 27:27, Luke 2:1, Luke 15:8

Laban Seeks His Gods

Laban Seeks His Gods
‎ When Laban found that Jacob had fled, he gathered all his servants and pursued him. One incident of the pursuit is interesting in that it suggests that Laban, and his daughters too, had forgotten God and turned to the worship of idols. When Rachel stole out of her father’s house, she carried secretly with her “the images that were her father’s.”
‎Laban’s unencumbered troop easily caught up with Jacob’s herds, and a sharp discussion followed, Laban protesting that he had always loved Jacob and meant well by him, yet Jacob had now stolen both his daughters and his “gods.” We are told that God appeared to Laban with a direct warning, or else he would have attacked Jacob. The latter soothed him with words and, denying all knowledge of his “gods,” bade him search for them. Laban did so, but Rachel had hidden them so cunningly that they could not be found. So at length Jacob and Laban agreed to make a covenant of peace together, and to separate as friends. They were …

The Blessings of God

The Blessings of God

Hebrews 6:7–8


An illustration from nature now drives home the writer’s point. Whenever rain-soaked ground is properly productive, it receives the blessing of God. Here the writer compared the spiritual privileges he had just enumerated (vv. 4-5) to a heavenly rain descending on the life of a Christian. Their effect should be a crop useful to those for whom it is farmed—a reference perhaps to the way other Christians benefit from the lives of fruitful believers (cf. v. 10). Such productivity brings divine blessings on fruitful believers’ lives.

Hodges, Zane C. “Hebrews.” The Bible Knowledge Commentary: An Exposition of the Scriptures. Ed. J. F. Walvoord and R. B. Zuck. Vol. 2. Wheaton, IL: Victor Books, 1985. 795. Print.

Siege of Lachish

Siege of Lachish

Assyrian relief depicting the siege of Lachish
When the city was next rebuilt (Level II), probably in Josiah’s day, it was much smaller and less fortified. It held out against the Babylonians longer than most (Jer. 34:7) but eventually fell. The Lachish letters are military communications found in the gatehouse, describing the system of beacons used to communicate between the defensive hill forts as the enemy closed in.
After the exile. After the Babylonians destroyed and burned the city, archaeological evidence suggests it lay abandoned for some time. Nehemiah reports that it was resettled after the return from exile (Neh. 11:30). Archaeological remains from the Persian and Hellenistic periods indicate that this rebuilding (Level I) was in use until the second century BC.

Longman, Tremper, III, Peter Enns, and Mark Strauss, eds. The Baker Illustrated Bible Dictionary 2013 : 1024. Print.

Outline of Proverbs 3:7-8

Outline of Proverbs 3:7-8

Proverbs 3:7–8


How to Avoid Spiritual Sickness (vv. 7, 8)

A. “Be not wise in thine own eyes”

B. “Fear the Lord”

C. “Depart from evil”

Wood, Charles R. Sermon Outlines on the Book of Proverbs. Grand Rapids, MI: Kregel Publications, 1984. Print.

Connect the Testaments

March 11: In the Moment of Weakness
Numbers 11–12;John 18:1–24; Psalm 11–12

All leaders have their moments of weakness. But without such times, they wouldn’t stretch themselves (and that would mean they weren’t really in God’s will). It’s not that these moments shouldn’t happen, but we should turn to God when they do.

Moses dealt with more than his fair share of people getting upset with his leadership, and he felt weak as a result. He didn’t always handle these situations correctly, but in Num 11 we see a glimpse of what an amazing leader he really was. The people were upset because they didn’t have meat to eat and were (once again) wishing they were back in Egypt. They were considering going against God’s will, and at least with their words, they were already doing so. Moses responded by telling God about his frustrations:
“Moses heard the people weeping according to their clans … Then Yahweh became very angry, and in the eyes of Moses it was bad. And Moses said to Yahweh, ‘Why have y…

Morning and Evening: Daily Readings.

Morning, March 11      Go To Evening Reading
         “Sin … exceeding sinful.”  — Romans 7:13
Beware of light thoughts of sin. At the time of conversion, the conscience is so tender, that we are afraid of the slightest sin. Young converts have a holy timidity, a godly fear lest they should offend against God. But alas! very soon the fine bloom upon these first ripe fruits is removed by the rough handling of the surrounding world: the sensitive plant of young piety turns into a willow in after life, too pliant, too easily yielding. It is sadly true, that even a Christian may grow by degrees so callous, that the sin which once startled him does not alarm him in the least. By degrees men get familiar with sin. The ear in which the cannon has been booming will not notice slight sounds. At first a little sin startles us; but soon we say, “Is it not a little one?” Then there comes another, larger, and then another, until by degrees we begin to regard sin as but a little ill; and then follo…

My Utmost for His Highest

March 11th

I was not disobedient unto the heavenly vision. Acts 26:19.

If we lose the vision, we alone are responsible, and the way we lose the vision is by spiritual leakage. If we do not run our belief about God into practical issues, it is all up with the vision God has given. The only way to be obedient to the heavenly vision is to give our utmost for God’s highest, and this can only be done by continually and resolutely recalling the vision. The test is the sixty seconds of every minute, and the sixty minutes of every hour, not our times of prayer and devotional meetings.

“Though it tarry, wait for it.” We cannot attain to a vision, we must live in the inspiration of it until it accomplishes itself. We get so practical that we forget the vision. At the beginning we saw the vision but did not wait for it; we rushed off into practical work, and when the vision was fulfilled, we did not see it. Waiting for the vision that tarries is the test of our loyalty to God. It is at th…

Thoughts for the Quiet Hour

March 11

  Keep yourselves in the love of God
Jude 21
Fruit ripened in the sun is sweetest.


Hardman, Samuel G., and Dwight Lyman Moody. Thoughts for the Quiet Hour. Willow Grove, PA: Woodlawn Electronic Publishing, 1997. Print.