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Showing posts from December 5, 2014

Sea of Galilee: Kibbutz Ginosar

Sea of Galilee: Kibbutz Ginosar
‎Kibbutz Ginosar. A bird’s eye view reveals its houses nestling among green gardens on the north-west shore of the Sea of Galilee. The kibbutz was established in 1937 by members of the Labor movement in the fertile Ginosar Valley. During the Second Temple period the Sea of Galilee was known by the name of this place and in Luke 5:1 it appears as the Lake of Gennesaret. The fertile soil and abundance of fish attracted settlers way back in pre-historic times, and excavations conducted in the area have revealed graves from the Bronze Age.

Works of Philo

Works of Philo
Once the works of Philo were appropriated by the Early Church, Philo Judaeus was represented as Philo Christianus—as illustrated in these drawings from a manuscript containing excerpts from Philo’s works among others in a compilation (“Sacred Parallels”) attributed to John of Damascus (Paris; Bibliotheque Nationale, no. gr. 923; Ninth Century). An unfounded tradition, repeated in several Greek and Armenian manuscripts, claims that he was converted to Christianity at the hand of John, the Beloved Disciple. According to another, conflicting tradition in Patristic sources, while in Rome he had an encounter with Peter. Philo, however, shows no awareness either of the historical Jesus or of his followers.
Terian, Abraham. “Had the Works of Philo Been Newly Discovered.” 2001 : 92–93. Print.

Foxe, John (1516–87)

Foxe, John (1516–87),

“What storms and tempests it [the church] hath overpast, wondrous it is to behold.”

The works of church historians rarely influence history itself, but John Foxe’s Acts and Monuments of Matters Happening to the Church—commonly known as Foxe’s Book of Martyrs—is the exception that proves the rule.
“It is hard to overemphasize the impact his Acts and Monuments had the 20 years following its 1563 publication,” writes historian David Loades. “By the second edition (1570), it was part of the national myth.… Foxe provided both a history and theology for the triumph of the Reformation.”

Wonders to behold
Foxe’s life itself was shaped by trials. He lost his father as a youth, and his relationship with his stepfather remained cool. At Oxford his brilliance and “indefatigable zeal and industry” earned him a master’s degree and a fellowship, but when he cast his lot   p 352  with emerging Protestantism, he lost his fellowship, his family disowned him, and, turning to tutorin…

Proto-Aeolian capital

Proto-Aeolian capital
‎Palaces from the monarchic period often have so-called Proto-Aeolian capitals as capitals of rectangular columns. They symbolize a date palm. The column is the stem of the palm tree; the capital shows voluted palm leaves and beneath it the panicles with the dates.

The Touch of Coal

The Touch of CoalIsaiah 6:6–7 Excerpt Realizing his impurity, Isaiah was cleansed by God, through the intermediary work of one of the seraphs. It is fitting that a seraph (perhaps meaning a “burning one”) touched Isaiah’s lips with a hot coal . . . from the altar, either the altar of burnt offering, on which a fire was always burning (Lev. 6:12), or the altar of incense where incense was burned each morning and evening (Ex. 30:17-8). This symbolic action signified the removal of the prophet’s guiltand his sin. Of course this is what the entire nation needed. The Judahites needed to respond as Isaiah did, acknowledging their need of cleansing from sin. But unlike the prophet, most members of the nation refused to admit they had a spiritual need. Though they, through the priests, burned sacrifices at the temple, their lives needed the purifying action of God’s “fire” of cleansing. More Martin, John A. “Isaiah.” The Bible Knowledge Commentary: An Exposition of the Scriptures. Ed. J. F.…

The Holy Spirit

The Holy Spirit
Excerpt V. 2 is interesting on several accounts. First, it suggests that Jesus instructed the disciples “through the Holy Spirit.” The matter is perhaps put this way because hereafter the Spirit is also the means of instruction in the church—designated spokesmen and spokeswomen will speak through the Holy Spirit.12 Secondly, we are told that the instructions are given “to the apostles whom he had chosen.” This is a clear link back to the Gospel, where the termαποστολοι refers to the Twelve whom Jesus chose and commissioned (cf.Luke 6:139:1011:49; and cf. 17:522:1424:10).Acts 1:21–22 will make clear that the term is used of those who had witnessed the ministry of Jesus up to and including the resurrection appearances. More Witherington, Ben, III. The Acts of the Apostles: A Socio-Rhetorical Commentary. Grand Rapids, MI: Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing Co., 1998. Print

The Place of the Manger in the Grotto

The Place of the Manger in the Grotto 
‎We now stand in the grotto already described. Above us is the altar of the church, before us a recess where fifteen lamps are suspended, six belonging to the Greeks, five to the Armenians and four to the Latins. And in the floor of the recess a silver star is placed in the pavement of which are these words: “Hic de Virgine Maria Jesus Christus Natus est.” Here let all prejudices for the moment vanish, and let us observe the reverent manner of the worshipers. Whatever else they believe in they believe in Christ, the Babe, the Man, the Deity incarnate. May the world come to acknowledge him as the purest, kindest, broadest, most prudent and most consistent of all her teachers! And let our doubts vanish as we too pay tribute, not in light or incense, not in gifts of silver and gold, but in love and faith and vows of allegiance to his name, his testament, his commission and his service! This grotto belongs to no sect or denomination, it is the prope…

Antonia Fortress

Antonia Fortress ‎The Antonia Fortress was a military barrack built by Herod the Great to the north of the Temple Mount of Jerusalem. There the Roman army was stationed that among other things observed and monitored the activities on the Temple Mount. The Antonia Fortress is probably the fortress to which Paul was brought according to Acts 22:24. Today the landscape has a completely new design. The picture shows a segment of the former area of the fortress. Other portions are now part of modern buildings. ‎Acts 22:24

The Golden City in Revelation

The Golden City in Revelation
‎The new Jerusalem in Revelation 21:9–27 is a square 12,000 stadia (approximately 1,380 miles) on each side.

One Mediator

One Mediator Excerpt The basic meaning of mediator (mesites) is a person who intervenes between two parties to restore or make peace. In giving Himself as a “ransom for all men” Jesus became qualified for the role of mediator between God and man. He alone can bring us together. More Richards, Lawrence O. The Bible Reader’s Companion. electronic ed. Wheaton: Victor Books, 1991. Print

The Man Grows in his Knowledge of Christ

The Man Grows in his Knowledge of Christ Excerpt The man did not realize it then, but the safest place for him was outside the Jewish religious fold. The Jews cast him out, but Christ took him in! Like Paul (see Phil. 3:1–10), this man “lost his religion” but found salvation and went to heaven. Note carefully how this man grew in his knowledge of Christ: (1) “A man called Jesus” (v. 11) was all he knew when Christ healed him. (2) “A prophet” (v. 17) is what the man called Him when the Pharisees questioned him. (3) “A man of God” (vv. 31–33) is what he concluded Jesus to be. (4) “The Son of God” (vv. 35–38) was his final and complete confession of faith. (See 20:30–31.) More Wiersbe, Warren W. Wiersbe’s Expository Outlines on the New Testament. Wheaton, IL: Victor Books, 1992. Print.

A Sharp Two-Edged Sword

A Sharp Two-Edged SwordRevelation 1:16 Excerpt Out of his mouth a sharp two-edged sword. This metaphor runs through both Old and New Testaments. It is frequent in this book (ch. 2:12, 16; 19:15, 21; comp. Luke 2:35; Eph. 6:17; Heb. 4:12; Ps. 45:3; 57:4; 59:7; 64:3; 149:6; Prov. 12:18; Isa. 11:4; 49:2, etc.). The sharp words of men and the searching words of God are both spoken of under this figure of the sword. Tertullian and Richard of St. Victor explain the two edges as the Law and the Gospel. Other still more fanciful explanations have been given. “Two-edged” (δίστομος) is literally “two-mouthed,” and perhaps expresses no more than the thorough efficiency of the sword. It occurs in ch. 2:12 and Heb. 4:12; also in classical Greek as equivalent to the more common ἀμφήκης. If a double meaning be insisted on, it may be found in the double character of God’s Word, which not only smites the wicked, but searches the good; which cuts sometimes to punish, sometimes to heal. More Spence-Jone…

Righteous as a Moral Term

Righteous as a Moral TermPhilippians 3:9 Excerpt In Scripture, righteousness is often a legal term, not a moral one. It means that a judge would pronounce someone righteous. Naturally, the ideal was that the person would actually be righteous, but the focus is on what the judge said. The verdict did not necessarily depend on the moral realities. In accord with that, the primary question of both Judaism and Christianity was “what must a man do if God is to declare that he is in the right and so give judgment in his favour? The Jewish answer was that he must obey the Law of Moses.”30 For Paul, a righteousness attained by the law was only a relative self-righteousness. The best that could be hoped for was the blamelessness of which he spoke in 3:6b, but which he nonetheless had found inadequate for gaining salvation. Thus, the law provides one approach to righteousness, but it is a flawed approach. The problem is not the law. Paul taught that the law is good (Rom 7). The problem is the …

Corinth: Road

Corinth: Road
‎The remnants of the shops in Corinth are visible in the foreground. As in other Hellenistic-Roman cities, they were situated alongside the major roads. ‎Acts 18:1, 18:8; 19:1; 1 Cor 1:2; 2 Cor 1:1, 1:23; 6:11; 2 Tim 4:20

Distant View of the Birthplace of John the Baptist

Distant View of the Birthplace of John the Baptist ‎ Before Jesus of Nazareth came John of Judea. He came as the Forerunner of Jesus. He was a man of force and courage. He was self-controlled and yet impetuous; a man of utter righteousness and fidelity; “like a burning torch; his public life was quite an earthquake; the whole man was a sermon; he might well call himself a ‘Voice.’ ” In the picture above we have the sweep of the Judean Mountains—the fine graceful outline of their distant summits against the sky, the shorter curves of the lower and nearer range, the nearest elevation being the “eccentric watershed” of which Mr. Tyrwhitt Drake, of the Palestine Exploration Fund, speaks; “which beginning at the head of Wady Suleiman, passing Lifta and Ain Karim, eventually reaches the Mediterranean near Yabneh.” Ain Karim signifies the “fountain of vineyards.” The terraced hills are in the spring time full of verdure. The village has a population of about six hundred. The Franciscan monk…

Bulls as banner

Bulls as banner
‎Assyrian army units were distinguished by their respective banner that they carried on their standards. Presumably similar banners were also customary in Israel. This banner shows two bulls that probably are depicted because of their strength. ‎Exod 17:5; Isa 5:26;Sirach 43:8

Exterior Wall, Tiberias

Exterior Wall, Tiberias ‎ After the second rejection at Nazareth Jesus went forth into Galilee and sent forth the twelve.—Matthew 9:35–38; 10:1–11; Mark 6:6–13; Luke 9:1–6. Here He heard of the death of John the Baptist; and at this time Herod gave his opinion of Jesus.—Matthew 14:1–12; Mark 6:14–29; Luke 9:7–9. In going from Nazareth to Capernaum he would doubtless pass again in sight of Tiberias. In the above view we have the exterior of the citadel. Tiberias was quite a modern town when our Lord frequented this region. The walls were strengthened by ten round towers on the west, five on the north and eight on the south. There were also towers along the shore to protect the city against attack from the water. The spacious castle is now entirely in ruins. Within the walls dwell about 2,000 inhabitants. To the west, on the hillside behind the town, are the tombs of many rabbis, and near to this sleep many modern Israelites who deemed it almost as great a blessing to have their dust l…

The Monastery at the Brook Cherith

The Monastery at the Brook Cherith 
‎In traveling from Jerusalem to Jericho the road narrows almost to a bridal path. “So rough and straight is it,” says Marion Harlan, “that I insisted upon alighting and walking round a sharp spur where the track is a narrow ledge overhanging a precipice.” The silence is said to be oppressive to the spirit and to the ear. Upon the heights above are seen winding paths, slight threads, apparently, leading to the black mouths of caves. Here the hermits dwelt in their cells ages ago. On the north bank of this wild gorge—this Judean glen—we see a Greek monastery. There are the little paths by which the monks ascended and descended to this, their mountain home. These monks spend their time in prayer and in the cultivation of little patches of flowers in the bottom of the valley. In the picture we look toward the north and can form a very accurate idea of the depth and darkness of the Glen Kerith—Wady Kelt—“one of the most sublime ravines in Palestine.” Th…
The Passing of the Third Day Excerpt This third scene begins with the statement that at the arrival of Jesus, Lazarus had been dead four days (11:17). This notation was extremely important to those familiar with Jewish burial customs.312 The general belief was that the spirit of the deceased hovered around the body for three days in anticipation of some possible means of reentry into the body. But on the third day it wasbelieved that the body lost its color and the spirit was locked out. Therefore the spirit was obliged to enter the chambers of Sheol (the place of the dead).313 The passing of the third day, therefore, signaled the conclusion of the last modicum of hope for the mourners. More Borchert, Gerald L. John 1–11. Vol. 25A. Nashville: Broadman & Holman Publishers, 1996. Print. The New American Commentary.

Mundy's Quote of the Day

Mundy's Quote of the Day Reverend Lynwood F. Mundy
Greetings to all. This quote is from today's daily prayer/post to my private e-mail address by one of my dearest Christian fellow laborers in the Gospel. I thought that her post this day was very inspirational and concise for today's "Mundy's Quote for the Day". Be blessed this coming weekend if it is the Lord's will. Charis.
GM"The Quiet Place Of Prayer "(David said, I am a man of prayer. ..Psalm 104:9)We will never appreciate or know all "the things which God has prepared for those who love Him "(1 Cor. 2:9) The Lords Prayer: St. Matthew 6:9-13. We pray that something was said this week that will keep you remembering the power of an earnest Prayer. Have a safe and wonderful day and weekend. .As always, much Love. - Sister Shirley Thomas

Thoughts for the Quiet Hour

December 5

Belshazzar the king made a great feast
Dan. 5:1
There was one Guest not invited, but He came, and the work of His finger glowed upon the wall.


Hardman, Samuel G., and Dwight Lyman Moody. Thoughts for the Quiet Hour. Willow Grove, PA: Woodlawn Electronic Publishing, 1997. Print.

Amazing Grace: 366 Inspiring Hymn Stories for Daily Devotions

December 5

THAT BEAUTIFUL NAME Jean Perry, 1865–1935
  She will give birth to a son, and you are to give Him the name Jesus, because He will save His people from their sins. (Matthew 1:21)
  There is no name so sweet on earth, no name so sweet in heaven,   The name, before His wondrous birth, to Christ the Savior given. —George W. Bethune There are many wonderful names and titles ascribed to Christ throughout the Bible. A study of these titles is not only interesting but also important since each name reveals an insight into our Lord’s character. Ivor Powell, in his book Bible Names of Christ (Kregel Publications), discusses 80 different titles including:
Counselor— Isaiah 9:6   Emmanuel— Matthew 1:23   Helper— Hebrews 13:6   Messiah— Daniel 9:25   Judge— John 5:22   Rose of Sharon— Song of Solomon 2:1   Sun of Righteousness— Malachi 4:2 But the sweetest name of all to every believer is Jesus. When He was eight days old, Mary’s infant Son was circumcised and given the Hebrew name Joshua (Jes…

Chambers, Oswald. My Utmost for His Highest: Selections for the Year

December 5th
The temple of the Holy Ghost

Only in the throne will I be greater than thou. Genesis 41:40.
I have to account to God for the way in which I rule my body under His domination. Paul said he did not “frustrate the grace of God”—make it of no effect. The grace of God is absolute, the salvation of Jesus is perfect, it is done for ever. I am not being saved, I am saved; salvation is as eternal as God’s throne; the thing for me to do is to work out what God works in. “Work out your own salvation”; I am responsible for doing it. It means that I have to manifest in this body the life of the Lord Jesus, not mystically, but really and emphatically. “I keep under my body, and bring it into subjection.” Every saint can have his body under absolute control for God. God has made us to have government over all the temple of the Holy Spirit, over imaginations and affections. We are responsible for these, and we must never give way to inordinate affections. Most of us are much sterner with o…

Spurgeon, Charles H. Morning and Evening: Daily Readings

Morning, December 5      Go To Evening Reading
         “Ask, and it shall be given you.”           — Matthew 7:7
We know of a place in England still existing, where a dole of bread is served to every passerby who chooses to ask for it. Whoever the traveller may be, he has but to knock at the door of St. Cross Hospital, and there is the dole of bread for him. Jesus Christ so loveth sinners that he has built a St. Cross Hospital, so that whenever a sinner is hungry, he has but to knock and have his wants supplied. Nay, he has done better; he has attached to this Hospital of the Cross a bath; and whenever a soul is black and filthy, it has but to go there and be washed. The fountain is always full, always efficacious. No sinner ever went into it and found that it could not wash away his stains. Sins which were scarlet and crimson have all disappeared, and the sinner has been whiter than snow. As if this were not enough, there is attached to this Hospital of the Cross a wardrobe, and a sin…

Connect the Testaments: A One-Year Daily Devotional with Bible Reading Plan

December 5: Do No HarmJeremiah 7:30–9:26; Colossians 3:18–4:18; Proverbs 13:1–25
Love can hurt. Many well-intentioned people have done more harm than good while attempting to care for others. This is especially the case in cross-cultural situations, as well-meaning people attempt to introduce change without understanding the local culture. But it can even be true in our homes.
Paul’s words in Col 3:18–4:1 have been misused countless times by those seeking to gain or maintain power. Yet when we examine the passage closely, we find that Paul’s main goal is to teach the church in Colossae to help without hurting as he works toward seeing cultural norms in the light of the gospel.
When Paul talks about wives “submitting” to their husbands, he frames it in light of the phrase, “husbands love your wives” (Col 3:18–19). The submission he speaks of is not about giving up will or freedom; Paul is acknowledging the cultural and economic realities of the time and encouraging the Church to operat…