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Showing posts from April 4, 2014

What's a Exodus?

What's a Exodus?Exodus 3:12 Excerpt ‎... [a sign is] a significant event, act, or other manifestation that betokens God’s presence or intention. Signs may be miraculous and spectacular, as in the case of those performed by Moses before the people of Israel to demonstrate that God had sent him to them (Exod. 4:1-9, 17, 30) or before Pharaoh for the same purpose (Exod. 7-11). On the other hand, a natural phenomenon such as a rainbow or a sunset may be called a sign (Gen. 9:13; Ps. 65:8), as may an identifying mark such as circumcision (Gen. 17:11) or even a prophet and his children (Isa. 8:18).

Achtemeier, Paul J., Harper & Row and Society of Biblical Literature. Harper’s Bible dictionary 1985 : 951. Print.

Fire as a Symbol Imagery

Fireas a Symbol ImageryExodus 3:2 Excerpt ‎Fire is a common symbol of holiness and in some cases of protection (cf. Zech. 2:5). It represents divine action, with God himself presented as ‘a consuming fire’ (Heb. 12:29; cf. Deut. 4:24). Fire is God’s servant (Ps. 104:4; Heb. 1:7), and his word is like fire (Jer. 23:29). In reference to God’s action, fire is most frequently a symbol of destruction associated with the wrath of God and his jealousy. As a metaphor of God’s holiness, however, it may also purge or purify. The Babylonian exile is described as purification by fire (Ps. 66:12; Isa. 43:2), and certainly the Day of the Lord will purify Israel (Zech. 13:9; cf. 1 Cor. 3:13-15). 
‎Fire is a central element of the description of theophany throughout biblical literature. God’s appearance for covenant with Abraham (Gen. 15:17), the appearance in the burning bush (Exod. 3:2), the leading of Israel with the pillar of fire by night (Exod. 13:21-22), and the appearance in fire on Mount Sin…

A Land Flowing with Milk and Honey

A Land Flowing with Milk and HoneyExodus 3:8 Excerpt ‎The phrase a land flowing with milk means that Canaan was ideal for raising goats and cows. Feeding on good pastureland the goats, sheep, and cows were full of milk. Flowing with honey means that the bees were busy making honey. Milk and honey suggested agricultural prosperity. This is the first of numerous references in the Old Testament to the “land flowing with milk and honey” (cf.v. 17; 33:3; Lev. 20:24; Num. 13:27; 14:8; 16:13-14; Deut. 6:3; 11:9; 26:9, 15; 27:3; 31:20; Josh. 5:6; Jer. 11:5; 32:22; Ezek. 20:6, 15).
Hannah, John D. Exodus.” The Bible Knowledge Commentary: An Exposition of the Scriptures. Ed. J. F. Walvoord & R. B. Zuck. Vol. 1. Wheaton, IL: Victor Books, 1985. 112. Print.

God's Campaign Against Egypt

God's Campaign Against EgyptExodus 3:13-22 ‎After answering Moses’ protest of ignorance regarding the divine name, God outlined the entire campaign against Egypt.
‎First, Moses was to go to the elders of Israel and tell them that God had appeared to him. He was to communicate to them God’s concern for their plight, and his promise to bring them out of Egypt to a wonderful land. The land promise which had been given to the patriarchs was now renewed through Moses. Thus, as with any true prophet, the message of Moses was in agreement with earlier revelation. God assured Moses that the elders would believe him.
‎Second, the elders and Moses were then to go to Pharaoh to announce the appearance of God. They were to request permission to make a three-day journey into the wilderness to offer sacrifices to him. Pharaoh would not listen.
‎Third, God wouldsmite Egypt with wonders, i.e., miraculous judgments.
‎Fourth, before they left Egypt the Israelites would plunder Egypt. This also conf…

The Function of a Name

The Function of a NameExodus 3:14-15 Excerpt ‎The name conveys the authority of the person even when absent. To speak or act in another’s name is to participate in that person’s authority (1 Sam. 17:45; 25:9; Acts 4:7). The principle is that of prophecy and revelation (Exod. 3:13–14; Deut. 18:19; John 5:43). God’s name reveals his character and salvation in which people may take refuge (Ps. 20:1 [MT 2]; cf. Isa. 25:1; 56:6); to treat God’s name as empty is to despise his person (Exod. 20:7). Similarly, to act in the name of Christ is to participate in his authority (Acts 3:6; 1 Cor. 5:4; 2 Thess. 3:6; Jas. 5:14) as well as to share in his contempt (Luke 21:12–19; Acts 5:41). Elsewhere the name of Christ stands for the whole of his salvation (4:7; 1 Cor. 6:11).
Myers, Allen C. The Eerdmans Bible dictionary 1987 : 747. Print.

Translating the Name

Translating the NameExodus 3:14 Excerpt‎God said shows the narrator’s insistence that it is Godwho is about to reveal his name. But I am who I am is not the name; it is an intentional play on the word I am, the word on which the name YHWH in verse 15 is based. This roundabout reply is not as difficult to translate as it is to understand. Various attempts have been made to translate the meaning: “I am; that is who I am” (NEB); “I am who am” (NAB); “I am he who is” (NJB). One translation (TAN) even transliterates from the Hebrew: “Ehyeh-Asher-Ehyeh.” Another way to express this is “ ‘I Am’ is who I am.” In languages that have different verbs for permanent and temporary being, the permanent one should be used.
Osborn, Noel D., and Howard A. Hatton. A Handbook on Exodus. New York: United Bible Societies, 1999. Print. UBS Handbook Series.

Egyptian Chariots

Egyptian Chariots ‎Two types of chariots used by ancient Egyptians were war and royal chariots. Made mostly of wood and rawhide, these light, horse-drawn chariots could carry two or three people at a time.

Prisoners

Prisoners ‎To prevent prisoners from fleeing, one put ropes around their neck and tied their arms together on the back. ‎Deut 21:10; 2 Kings 24:14; 2 Chron 33:11; Job 11:10; 36:8; Isa 45:13; 49:24–25; Amos 1:6, 1:9

Prayer-Hymn

Prayer-Hymn Life's Railroad to Heaven M. E. Abbey                                                                                                                                Charles D. Tillman
1. Life is like a mountain railroad, With an engineer that's brave; 2. You will roll up grades of trials; You will cross the bridge of trials; 3. You will often find obstructions; Look for storms of wind and rain; 4. You will roll across trestle,         Spanning Jordan's swelling tide,
We must make the run successful, From the cradle to the grave; See that Christ is your conductor   On this lightening train of life; On a fill, or curve, or trestle,           They will almost ditch your train; You behold the Union Depot           Into which your train will glide;
Watch the curves, the fills , the tunnels; Never falter never quail; Always mindful of obstruction,       Do your duty never fail; Put your trust alone in Jesus;          Never falter never fail; There you will meet the Superintendent,…

Connect the Testaments: A Daily Devotional

April 4
Forgive, Forget, and ComfortDeuteronomy 5:1–6:25; 2 Corinthians 2:1–11; Psalm 33
There is a subtle type of grudge that festers. When we extend forgiveness, the challenge isn’t necessarily in the moment of reconciliation. It’s extending that moment and letting it permeate the interactions that follow.

In 2 Corinthians, Paul doesn’t just ask the Corinthians to forgive. He asks them for much more: “So then, you should rather forgive and comfort him lest somehow this person should be overwhelmed by excessive sorrow. Therefore I urge you to confirm your love for him. Because for this reason, also I wrote, in order that I could know your proven character, whether you are obedient in everything” (2 Cor 2:7–9).

Patronizing superiority suits our selfish desires, but grudging forgiveness doesn’t heal a community. Paul calls the Corinthian church to much more. He wants them to live sacrificially. That’s why, when Paul calls for the offender in Corinth to be reprimanded, he specifically t…